Major Howe had first settled near Boston, Massachusetts, but his adventurous spirit led him to seek a home in the wild forests of Southwest Virginia, and he was one of the three first settlers west of New River. He was a courtly and elegant gentleman, a first cousin of Lord Howe and General Wayne, and nearly related to Elias Howe, the inventor. he met on the vessel that brought him from England a beautiful girl, Ellen Dunbar, and they fell in love with each other and married soon after landing in Massachusetts – a little romantic feature similar to that of William Hoge
and Barbara Hume
Joseph How, who settled in what is now Pulaski Co., Va., was of English birth and parentage. He is said to have made two trips to this country before settling, first coming about the year 1737, returning soon after. His second visit, made shortly after his return to England, resulted in his settlement in this country. Tradition has it that he ran away from home to join his brother who was an officer in the British Army, but finding that his brother was dead, he drifted southward and finally settled in Virginia. On his second trip over, he met with his future wife, Ellen Dunbar, a Scotch lady, whom he married shortly after his arrival in Boston, near which place he resided for a while. During the French and Indian war, or near its termination, he moved into Virginia, and was engaged for awhile in the construction of a line of forts then being built from Fort Du Quesne southward for the protection of the Virginia frontier.
There was preserved for a long time in the family a curious metal tag or ornament taken from the nose of a hostile Indian killed by him, from one of these forts. These ornaments were furnished by the French to the Indians, and worn by them to distinguish them as friendly to the French cause.
Mr. How finally settled on Back Creek, in what was then Augusta, afterwards Montgomery, and is now Pulaski County, Virginia; as nearly as can be ascertained in 1758 or 1760. He first purchased a place owned by John Daye, who afterwards became his son-in-law, but soon moved to land adjoining and built his residence "Sunnyside" where he spent the remainder of his days. At the time of his settlement at "Sunnyside" there were but few white people living in that part of the country, and as late as 1755 only three or four families are reported as living south of New River, until the settlements on the Holstien were reached.
The old homestead is now in the possession of Mrs. Agnes Howe De Jarnette
, great granddaughter of its first owner, and wife of Captain Eugene De Jarnette
. The old house still retains its main features of construction, but some additions have been made by its present occupants. The door and window sills are of poplar, and so carefully joined together and fastened with wooded pins, and so well preserved, that great difficulty was experienced in making recent alterations for the purpose of putting in windows of modern construction. The woodwork is held together by wooden pins and wrought iron nails in use at the time the house was built, and then sold in that part of the country by number. The place which Joseph How first purchased of John Daye, is now in possession of, and owned by J. Hoge Tyler, a great grandson, late Lieut. Governor of the State.
Nothing is now known of the general appearance of Joseph How, save that he was a man of robust physique, and well suited for a pioneer life on the frontiers. The family traditions are sufficiently definite to warrant the statement that his English home was one of wealth and refinement, after the type of that of the English gentlemen of that period, and that he left home at an early period, and under circumstances which would be apt to prevent frequent communication with his relatives at home, while the prominence of his relatives on the British side in the Revolution would tend still further to this result. He lived to be quite and old man, and was buried with his wife, in the cemetery on the old homestead.
Daniel Wait Howe – 1929
"...as to the lineage if not as to the exact relationship."
The name of Howe is frequently linked with that of Hoge in the Southwest Virginia branch and the genealogy of the two is so related as to result in the Southwest Virginia Hoges being really more Howe than Hoge.
, in writing of the wife of James Hoge, the progenitor of the Southwest Virginia Hoges, refers to her father, Joseph Howe, as first cousin of Lord Howe. That may be correct. There is, also, a tradition, which all writers have discredited, that Joseph Howe was a member of a family which had settled in Massachusetts and which there at an early time spelled its name "how" and which later added the "e," spelling it then as it appears at the time this history begins.
There is another version of the ancestry of Joseph Howe, and it seems to be the correct one – certainly as to the lineage if not as to the exact relationship. It serves to substantiate the connection of Joseph Howe with the Howes of the Anglo-Irish peerage and to declare the degree of kinship even if it does not establish it.
A note in the scrap book of Mary B. Luster
, a niece of Eleanor Howe Hoge
and a great-granddaughter of Joseph Howe, is one authority for this other version – that Joseph Howe was a brother of Lord Howe. The story from that note is that while quite a youth he ran away from England to join his brother, Lord George Augustus Howe, 3rd Viscount, who at that time was one of the English officers fighting in the French and Indian War. He arrived in America about the time that Lord Howe was killed at the Battle of Ticonderoga, and finding his brother dead, he drifted southward and finally settled at what came to be known as "Sunnyside," in Pulaski County, Virginia.
Lord Howe, who was killed at Ticonderoga, was a brother of William Howe, who succeeded to the title, and who at one time commanded the British armies in the War of the American Revolution, and of Admiral Richard Howe, 4th Viscount-Earl, who in the same war commanded the British naval forces. Concerning them, the following is from the Encyclopedia Brittannica:
"Howe, George Augustus, 3rd Viscount. Killed at the battle of Ticonderoga, 1758."
"Howe, Richard (1726-1779) 4th Viscount, Earl, British Admiral, son of Emmanuel Scroope Howe and Mary Sophia Charlotte, a daughter of the Baroness Kilmansegge, afterward Countess of Darlington, a mistress of George I. By death of his elder brother, George Augustus, he became 4th Viscount Howe – an Irish Peerage."
"How, Sir William, 5th Viscount, was the younger brother to George Augustus and Richard."
"The friendliness of the brothers, Admiral Richard Howe and General William Howe, to the colonies led to their selection for the command of the British forces in the Revolutionary War. It was thought that they could negotiate a settlement with the American forces."
A manuscript by S. S. Howe
, East Radford, Va., dated December 10 1906, accords with Mrs. Luster's version. This manuscript definitely designates Joseph Howe as a brother of George Lord Viscount Howe, Admiral Richard Howe and General William Howe and recites, as tradition, Joseph Howe's having left home to join his brother. As substantiating the time of his emigration it quotes the following from a Westminster Abbey guide: "Monument northwest of Belfry Tower bears inscription: George Lord Viscount Howe, died 1758. He was brother of the great admiral. He was killed on the first disastrous expedition to Ticonderoga in North America. Wolfe called him the noblest Englishman of his time and the best soldier in the British army. The monument was put up by the Province of Massachusetts before its separation from the mother country."
The manuscript states that Joseph Howe had made one trip to this country before the one which resulted in his settlement here. That trip was in the year 1737. On his second trip over he is said to have met Ellen Dunbar, a Scotch lady, whom he married. This incident agrees with the account by Governor Tyler, but differs slightly from the account by Mary B. Luster, who writes that "he returned to England and married a Scotch lady, Ellen Dunbar." But, with that, the two accounts agree on his having crossed the Atlantic on two trips.
Whether brother or first cousin to George, Richard and William Howe, all accounts agree that Joseph moved southward from Boston and settled in Virginia on Back Creek in what was then Augusta County, later Montgomery and now Pulaski. The date of this settlement was 1758, the year of the death of George Lord Viscount Howe.
He secured a grant of land for services rendered the Crown and on it built his residence which he called "Sunnyside" and where he spent the remainder of his life. He purchased from John Daye, who afterwards became his son-in-law, and additional tract of land adjoining his grant. The part consisting of the grant was in late years in the possession of Mrs. Agnes Howe De Jarnette
, his great-granddaughter, and the part purchased was in the possession of J. Hoge Tyler
, his great-great-grandson.
Joseph Howe constructed a line of forts from Duquesne southward for the protection of the Virginia frontier. There was preserved in the family for a long time a curious metal tag which he had taken from the nose of an hostile Indian whom he had killed from one of those forts, the tag being one of those commonly furnished by the the French to distinguish the Indians friendly to the French cause.
Joseph Howe is reputed to have been of robust physique. His English home was one of refinement and wealth from which he was separated by reason of his sympathy for the Colonists – a thing the more intolerable because of the prominence of his relations on the British side.
It is not known that any of the English estate reverted to him although it was considerable and although two of his three brothers (or his cousins) died without issue. All of the property may have gone to an only sister, whom the Encyclopedia Brittannica mentions as a friend of Benjamin Franklin. One of Richard Howe's two daughters, Sophia Charlote, married a Curzon and became ancestress to Lord Curzon, in later years Viceroy of India. Of his wife there is nothing known except that she was of Scotch blood. Thus the Scotch strain in the family of Hoge to be stimulated. S.S. Howe says that she was slightly below medium size, with light hair and blue eyes and walked with a slight limp which required the use of a cane and which in years after gave rise to a curious tradition of the stroke of the cane against the floor being heard at the old homestead.
The Family of Hoge – 1927
from a letter written by J. Nellie Hoge, regarding Governor James Hoge Tyler, that appeared in the Richmond Dispatch in August, 1879.
"...His grandmother, the wife of General James Hoge, was the daughter of Major Daniel Howe, on whose headstone, in the family burial ground, in Pulaski County, is the unique epitaph:
'In youth a solider of the Revolution,
In old age a solider of the Cross.'
"The Howe homestead is in the possesion of a granddaughter, Mrs. Eugene de Jarnette (nee Agnes Howe).
"In Mrs. Howe's veins flowed some of the proudest English blood, but as her ancestor had thrown away his title to the trappings of heraldry to espouse the cause of liberty so she ever impressed on this boy that
' 'Tis only noble to be good,
Kind hearts are more than coronets,
And simple faith than Norman blood.'
"Hence he is a democrat in heart; one of the people; ever ready so sustain that prime American principle: Nobility belongs only to those who win it.
"Bluff City, Virginia, August 21 1879.
J. Nellie Hoge
The Family of Hoge – 1927
"The maternal grandmother of James Hoge Tyler was Eleanor Howe, the daughter of Major Howe, of the Revolutionary War, of the same lineage as Lord Howe and General Wayne."
South-west Virginia and the valley – 1892
"She was a daughter of Joseph Howe, brother of Lord Howe of England."
Earl Clarence Frost – 1954
Martin Wood is the author of The Family and Descendants of St. Thomas More
, published 30 Apr 2008, 3 months after he sent me the following emails.
January 8, 2008
I found your Scrope ancestry very interesting. There is quite a bit of information about the Scropes in "The History and Antiquities of the County of Leicester"
by John Nichols. Vol. II., PT. II. Published in 1798.
It is in here because the Scropes of Bolton were also Lords of the Manor of Blaston and also had connections with Bowden Magna where Geoffrey Scrope (d.1380) was Rector.
The information accompanying two Pedigrees matches your information. However, under Emanuel Scrope, Lord Viscount Howe it says he died in Barbados in 1735 "leaving by his lady, Mary-Sophia-Charlotte, daughter of baron Kilmansegg, three sons; George-Augustus, Richard, and William; besides six daughters."
I notice you have a son Joseph.
Langar (Nottinghamshire), where Thomas Lord Scrope (d.1609) and Thomas Lord Scrope (d.1627) are buried is only about ten miles from where I live.
The Pedigree of Lords Scrope of Bolton, Lords of the Manor of Blaston, refers to Martha Jones, alias Sandford, as Emanuel Scrope's "concubine"
It refers to Anabella Scrope, alias Jones, alias Sandford as "filia bastarda"
January 9, 2008
Oh the contradictions of genealogical sources!
I was in the local library this morning and looked at Thorotons "Antiquities of Nottinghamshire"
and he records that Scrope Howe (d. Barbados 1735) and his wife Sophia Charlotte Kilmansegg had six sons
and four daughters
I found it interesting to read Thoroton because he was obviously a contemporary of Richard Howe. Referring to the sons of Scrope Howe and Sophia Charlotte he says:
"...one of which was George Augustus, the late Viscount, who was killed at the attack on Triconderago, July 5 1758; Richard, the present Viscount; and Sir William Howe, who commanded against the Americans in the late war, and to whom the honours of the family are likely to descend, the present Lord Howe having no male issue."
Thoroton goes on to say:
"The Right Honourable Richard Howe, Viscount Howe, Baron of Colonawley, also Viscount Howe of Langar, by birth, was lately created Earl Howe, by his present Majesty, and Vice-Admiral of England at the death of the brave Lord Rodney in 1792. He married Mary, daughter of Chiverton Hartopp Esq. of Leicestershire, by whom he had issue......."
Of course you already know this!
Martin Wood – 2008
FamilySearch shows two wives named Agnes that married James Hoge son of William & Barbara; evidently two genealogies for the same person.
The first one, "Agnes Crawford (AFN: 4VFL-SV)" shows a son James married Elizabeth Howe, daughter of Joseph Howe, son of James Howe
(AFN:CVHB-GH), son of General Emanuel Scrope Howe
(AFN: 9G8N-N9) & Ruperta
(AFN: BEQJ-CW). In other words, it has the grandfather of Joseph Howe as General Emanuel Scroope Howe rather than his brother Scrope Howe, 1º Viscount Howe
. And his father as James rather than Emanuel Scrope Howe, 2º Viscount Howe
This would make Joseph Howe 1st cousin to Lord Howe and 2nd cousin to his sons George Augustus, Richard, & William, rather than son of Lord Howe and brother to his sons.
This Agnes shows sons Daniel (b. 1744), John (b. 1730) and James (b. 12 Jan 1742), the latter marrying Elizabeth Howe.
The other Agnes,"'Agnes (BVJK-04)", shows a birth of Abt 1720, and her first child when she was about the age of 10 as John Hoge (b. 1730). The children of this Agnes conform to The Family of Hoge
being Mary, John, and James (b. 1731). It shows Mary married to Robert Evans and their children, but no wives or children for John or James.
J. Craig Canada – 2008